Quiz 9, Quiz 8, Quiz 7, Quiz 6, Quiz 5/ Intermediate, Bio 230 - Quiz 4, Bio 230 - Quiz 3, Bio 230 - Quiz 2, Bio 230 - Quiz 1, Final Path, Flashcard | Flashcards-library.com (2023)

list of terms

A sexually transmitted disease characterized by painful, itchy sores or blisters that usually appear on and around the genitals is A. syphilis B. hpvc. genital herpes D. chlamydia

herpes genital

The condition resulting from excessive secretion of glucocorticoids by the adrenal glands, leading to head and trunk obesity, atherosclerosis, and hypertension is A. Graves disease B. Addison disease C. Tetany D. Crushing syndrome

crush syndrome

Which of the following diseases can be associated with the pancreas? A. cholangitis B. diabetes C. hepatitis D. pharyngitis


The presence of excess sugars in the blood is defined as A. hyperglycemia B. hypoglycemia C. polyuria D. glycosuria


A special and often severe case of hyperthyroidism, also known as exophthalmos, characterized by swelling of the eyeballs due to swelling of the tissues at the back of the eye socket, is known as A. Graves' disease B. myxedema C. hyperthyroidism D. hypothyroidism

grave illness

Which of the following terms represents a type of aneurysm? A. Section B. Infiltrative C. Ischemia D. Serous


Another name for pleural effusion is A. pleural effusion B. ascites C. hydrocele D. hydropericardium

derrame pleural

Excess thyroid hormone causes A. decreased basal metabolic rate B. obesity C. cretinism D. increased basal metabolic rate

increased basal metabolic rate

An endocrine disorder characterized by heredity and accelerated basal metabolic rate and profuse sweating A. Severe disease B. Addison's disease C. Paget's disease D. Hyperparathyroidism

serious illness

The spread of cancer cells from one part of the body to another via the blood or lymph is A. phagocytosis B. hematogenesis C. canalizationD. metastasis


General paresis is caused by syphilis in A. third stage B. primary stage C. second degree D. primary and secondary stages

third degree

The condition of an abnormally tall person resulting from overstimulation of the growth process prior to bone ossification is known as A. pitutism B. gigantism C. dwarfism D. acromegaly


A disease characterized by obesity and muscle weakness with abnormal adrenal function is A. Waterhouse0 Friderichsen syndrome B. Graves disease C. Cushing syndrome D. Addison disease

Cushing's Syndrome

Excess sugar in the urine is known as A. Glycosuria B. Hyperglycemia C. Hypoglycemia D. Polyuria

diabetes mellitus

The ulceration that often accompanies primary syphilis is called dura A. ulcer B. bed pain C. goiter D. ulcer


The term used to indicate an enlarged thyroid is A. diabetes insipidus B. goiter C. hypothyroidism D. hyperthyroidism


Failure of the thyroid gland to produce enough hormone is known as A. hypothyroidism B. hyperthyroidism C. myxedema D. Graves' disease


Cryptorchidism affects A. peritoneum B. prostate C. testes D. colon


Uterine enlargement during pregnancy is an example A. physiologic hypertrophy B. metaplasia C. compensatory hyperplasia D. pathologic hyperplasia

physiological hypertrophy

Mastitis is A. mastitis B. inflammation of the uterus C. inflammation of the fallopian tubes D. inflammation of the ovaries


Thyroid enlargement caused by dietary iodine deficiency is A. Addison's disease B. cretinism C. goiter D. myxedema


A complication of diabetes is A. all of these B. gangrene C. vascular obstruction D. arteriosclerosis

all those

Orchitis is A. inflammation of the ovaries B. epididymitis C. prostatitis D. orchitis


The disease caused by pathogenic microorganisms is recurrent A.B. functional C. infectious D. idiopathic


Factors that reduce disease resistance without causing disease are A. predisposing B. immediate C. antibodies D. stimulants


The condition where the testes do not descend into the scrotum before birth and are still in the pelvic cavity is known as A. orchitis B. prostatitis C. inflammation of the ovaries D. cryptorchidism


A condition where the body is unable to properly metabolize carbohydrates is A. atelectasis B. diabetes C. diabetes insipidus D. acromegaly


Accumulation of swollen fluid in the scrotum around the testicles is called A. endometritis B. paresis C. hydrocele D. gum

water man

The condition, which occurs in pregnant women, is usually characterized by swelling of the extremities and facial area, high blood pressure, and elevated albuminuria from the presence of serum albumin in the urine. endometriosis B. eclampsia C. tubosis D. gestational diabetes


Inflammation of the fallopian tubes is referred to as A. salpingitis B. vaginitis C. inflammation of the cervix D. inflammation of the ovaries


Surgical removal of the breast is referred to as A. breast excision B. endectomy C. lumpectomy D. breast removal


A form of anemia that develops as a complication of another condition, such as hemorrhage, is A. minorB. pericardial C. histological D. epithelium


Acromegaly is a disease resulting from the overactivity of which of the following endocrine glands?A. thyroid B. pituitary C. parathyroid D. adrenal

the pituitary gland

A staphylococcal infection of the reproductive system, often associated with prolonged use of tampons, which can provide a suitable environment for bacterial growth and toxin production, is called A. yeast infection B. toxic shock syndrome C. puerperal sepsis D. eclampsia

toxic shock syndrome

Pituitary disease is characterized by intense thirst and excretion of large amounts of urine. diabetic urea B. diabetes insipidus C. diabetes D. all these

diabetes insipidus

Inflammation of the ovaries is referred to as A. salpingitis B. orchitis C. vaginitis D. inflammation of the ovaries

inflammation of the ovaries

A pregnancy that occurs outside the uterus is called A. ectopic B. endometriosis C. inflammation of the uterus D. eclampsia


Thyroid atrophy in adults can cause A. acromegaly B. simple goiter C. cretinism D. myxedema


Prostatitis is called A. prostatitis B. gonorrhea C. orchitis D. epididymitis


Ectopic pregnancies usually occur A. in the vagina B. in the cervix C. in the fallopian tubes D. in the ureter

in the fallopian tubes

Inflammation of the spinal cord, which can result from infection or as a result of spinal cord injury, is called A. poliomyelitis B. encephalitis C. meningitis D. myelitis


Which of the following could be a predisposing cause of the disease? A. sex B. X-ray C. bacteria D. allergens


As a result of cerebral hemorrhage, there may be A. stroke B. apoplexy C. all of these D. stroke

all those

Infectious diseases that affect the nervous system are often referred to as A. neurotic disease B. neurotrophic disease C. stroke disease D. epileptic disease

neurotropic disease

An intracranial hemorrhage that occurs between the bone and the outermost layer of the meninges is A. subdural hemorrhage B. sub-a hemorrhage C. subarachnoid hemorrhage D. epidural hemorrhage

hemorragia epidural

A subdural hemorrhage would occur between A. pia mater and brain B. dura mater and arachnoid mater C. arachnoid mater and pia mater D. dura mater and skull

dura mater and arachnoid

A condition characterized by accumulation of fluid in the ventricles of the brain, usually inborn in the organ, resulting in an enlarged head. hydrocele B. encephalitis C. hydrolysis D. hydrocephalus


Bleeding in the brain can cause A. meningitis B. encephalitis C. stroke D. neuritis


The encephalitis is A. encephalomyelitis B. softening of the brain C. neuritis D. encephalitis


Brain injury from circulatory interruption, also known as stroke, is commonly referred to as aA. dementia B. epilepticus case C. stroke D. seizure


List the cells in the body that specialize in transmitting incoming stimuli to or away from the central nervous system. A. neutronsB. protonsC. D neurons. electrons


A nervous system disorder characterized by memory loss, mood swings, and other mental disorders. The true cause of the disease remains a mystery, but it is not believed to be caused by conventional infectious agents such as bacteria and viruses. This causes a gradual loss of mental abilities over many years, as well as the eventual complete loss of all motor and intellectual skills. What kind of disease is this? dementia B. Parkinson's disease C. Alzheimer's disease D. multiple sclerosis

Alzheimer's disease

Leukocytosis is a condition where A. is always pathologic B. is always physiologic C. can be physiologic or pathologic D. affects females only

can be physiological or pathological

The dilated part of the artery is referred to as A. congestion B. aneurysm C. thrombus D. infarction


What does water in the brain refer to? A. hemorrhage B. hydrocephalus C. hydrocele D. edema


Two or more boils joined together may be called A. pimple B. abscess C. carbuncle D. scar


A term that describes the effects of being hit in the head without sustaining other serious injuries, such as a fracture, laceration, or hemorrhage, is called A. fractureB. hemorrhage C. concussion D. laceration


The study of changes in the structure and function of body tissues as a result of disease is A. microbiologyB. pathologyC. anatomy D. chemistry


Inflammation of the nerve or nerves is called A. encephalitis B. hydrocephalus C. rabies D. neuritis


Temporary interference with the blood supply to a part of the brain where there is usually no permanent damage is known as A. epileptic seizure B. transient ischemic attack C. stroke D. seizure

transient ischemic attack

Accumulation of dust in the lungs can cause A. pneumoconiosis B. pneumonia C. pleural effusion D. pleurisy


The term "expanding growth" is associated with A. pathogenic microbes B. bone formation C. benign tumors D. malignant tumors

benign tumors

A term often used to describe a brain injury where there is no skin damage at the injury site is A. fractureB. contusion C. concussion D. laceration


How many major subdivisions of the brain are there? A.5B. 4C. 2D. 3


The name for end-stage chronic liver disease in which functioning liver cells are replaced by supporting cells is A. diverticulitis B. cirrhosis C. gallstones D. cholangitis


How many main parts can the nervous system be divided into? 2B. 5C. 3D. 4


A chronic, degenerative disease of the nervous system that usually develops later in life, it can be very debilitating and no real cure is available, and is sometimes called "shivering paralysis", characterized by slow, spreading tremors, it is called A. multiple sclerosis B. epilepsy C. Parkinson's disease D. Alzheimer's disease

Parkinson disease

Inflammation of the meninges surrounding the brain and spinal cord is called A. meningitis B. encephalitis C. apoplexy D. myelitis


A chronic functional disease of the nervous system characterized by seizures including loss of consciousness and convulsions is A. meningitis B. epilepsy C. paraplegia D. encephalitis


Cerebral hemorrhages are often classified based on what? how much blood is bleeding between this brain and the skull B. how much is the bleeding C. where is the bleeding in relation to the meninges D. the type of injury that caused the bleeding

where there is hemorrhage in relation to the meninges

A very rare but fatal disease that causes the central nervous system to slowly degenerate, leading to gradual mental deterioration, is known as dementia, A. cerebral palsy B. stroke C. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease D. multiple sclerosis

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

A nervous system disorder that affects young children that is not a progressive condition but is usually the result of some type of brain damage before or shortly after is known as A. cerebral palsy B. meningitis C. epilepsy D. multiple sclerosis

paralisia cerebral

Chronic degenerative disease affecting the nervous system that usually affects young adults between the ages of 20 and 40 and is usually characterized by destruction of the myelin sheaths or outer sheaths around the verve fibers that conduct motor and sensory nerve impulses, muscle weakness and lack of coordination, tremors, paralysis, vision problems, and abnormal rapid eye movements are known as A. epilepsy B. multiple sclerosis C. Parkinson's disease D. cerebral palsy

multiple sclerosis

(Video) All of PHYSICS PAPER 1 in 25 mins - GCSE Science Revision Mindmap 9-1 AQA

The presence of blood in the urine is a condition A. anuria B. glycosuria C. uremia D. hematuria


Inflammation of the outer layers surrounding the brain and spinal cord is A. myelitis B. meningitis C. encephalitis D. infantile paralysis


Name the highly complex bodily system that controls various bodily functions. A. respiratory system B. nervous system C. reproductive system D. urinary system

nervous system

The general term for encephalitis is known as A. hydrocephalus B. myelitis C. encephalitis D. meningitis


The prefix "brain" means A. artery B. brain C. stomach D. below


Anthracosis is caused by A. lead dust B. asbestos dust C. coal dust D. sand dust

coal dust

All of the following disorders are directly related to bleeding EXCEPT. swelling B. hemoptysis C. vomiting blood D. epistaxis


Blood in the urine is referred to as A. albuminuriaB. uremia C. hematoma D. hematuria


Laryngitis is A. pharyngitis B. bronchitis C. encephalitis D. laryngitis


A form of nephritis characterized by inflammation of the renal capillary loops is A. glomerulonephritis B. interstitial nephritis C. nephrolithiasis D. pyelonephritis


Glomerulonephritis (leakage of capillaries in the kidneys) is called A. glomerulonephritis B. pelvic inflammation C. nephrosclerosis D. albuminuria


A synonym for edema is A. autopsy B. paralysis C. biopsy D. edema


A localized accumulation of pus surrounded by a wall of inflamed tissue is A. carbuncle B. gallbladder C. abscess D. ulcer


The suffix "oma" means A. tumor B. condition C. Taste D. opening


The condition related to the presence of sugar in the urine is called A. polyuria B. hyperglycemia C. pyuria D. glycosuria

diabetes mellitus

Which of the following is a malignant connective tissue tumor A. liposarcoma B. osteoma C. fibroma D. chondroma


Pneumoconiosis affects A. the respiratory system B. the digestive system C. the reproductive system D. the circulatory system

Respiratory system

Inflammation of the dilated upper part of the ureter (also known as the renal pelvis) is A. nephritis B. pelvic inflammation C. hydronephrosis D. hematuria

pelvic inflammation

A condition in which multiple cysts develop in the kidneys, which often enlarge and compress the surrounding tissue and are prone to infections, is called A. nephritis B. hydronephrosis C. polycystic kidney disease D. anuria

polycystic kidney disease

Which of the following is caused by a urinary tract disorder A. peritonitis B. uremia C. polycythemia D. hydrocephalus


The reduction in urine output is A. albuminuriaB. oliguria C. anuria D. pyuria


The study of the cause of the disease is A. pathologyB. etymology C. histology D. etiology


Inflammation of the structure that carries urine from the bladder is called A. cystitis B. inflammation of the ureter C. inflammation of the kidneys D. inflammation of the urethra

inflammation of the ureter

Cystitis with inflammation primarily involving A. gallbladder B. pituitary gland C. stomach D. bladder


Excess blood in a part of the body is a condition known as A. congestion B. hemophiliac. anemia D. sepsis


Excessive urination is called A. glucosuria B. hematuriaC. oliguria D. polyuria


Which of the following situations is most likely to lead to valvular regurgitation? A. pericarditis B. myocarditis C. hydropericardium D. endocarditis


Pelvic inflammatory disease is A. pyuria B. phlebitis C. pelvic inflammatory disease D. hydrofertility

pelvic inflammation

Glomerulonephritis affects the capillaries A. heart B. lungs C. brain D. kidneys


Reduced size of body parts is A. atrophy B. hyperemia C. necrosis D. hyperplasia


Increased urine output is A. anuria B. glycosuria C. hematuria D. polyuria


The presence of serum protein in the urine is termed A. pyuria B. albuminuria C. anauria D. glycosuria


Inflammation of the duct that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body is A. orchitis B. urethritis C. cystitis D. ureteritis


The basic structural and functional unit of renal tissue, which in turn consists of the renal corpuscle and renal tubules, is A. albumB. pieloC. urine D. nephron


Albumin in the urine is referred to as A. hematuria B. nephremia C. pylorus D. albuminuria


The blood staining of the tissue, as in a bruise, is called a(n)A. petechiae B. embolism C. petechiae D. thrombus


If you had leukopenia, you would have A. not enough white blood cells B. not enough red blood cells C. too many platelets D. not enough blood

Not enough white blood cells

Which of the following is a type of infiltration?A. necrosis B. pigmentation C. necrosis D. degeneration


Nephritis is called A. inflammation of the urine B. inflammation of the kidneys C. inflammation of the pelvis D. hypoplasia


What is caused by kidney failure and can it adversely affect the embalming operation? oliguria B. uremia C. diabetes D. hematuria


A kidney stone may also be called an aA. phlebolith B. cholelith C. fecalith D. kidney stones

kidney stones

Accumulation of excessive amounts of urine in the renal pelvis is A. hydronephrosis B. ureteritis C. cystitis D. nephritis

water fertility

Complete inhibition of urine formation is A. pyuria B. albuminuria C. anuria D. oliguria


The most common type of diabetes, also known as 'sugar diabetes', is called A. multiple diabetes B. diabetes insipidus C. type 1 diabetes D. diabetes


A disease that is passed genetically from mother to child is A. acute B. acquired C. congenital D. hereditary


The presence of pus in the urine is the condition of A. albuminuriaB. hemoglobinuria C. pyuria D. glycosuria


The pathologic term for gallstones is A. cholelith B. neophyte C. nephrolith D. gum


Completion of the inflammatory reaction with the return of the body part to normal would be called A. recoveryB. resolution C. suppuration D. flushing


A collapsing condition in which the air sacs of the lungs are completely deprived of air is A. meningitis B. atelectasis C. pneumoconiosis D. pleurisy

not interested

An infection of the trachea is referred to as A. bronchitis B. asthma C. tracheitis D. pneumonia


Spitting up blood is called A. blood gushing B. hemoptysis C. necrosis D. cavitation


A collection of watery or edematous pleural fluid is called A. pneumonia B. pneumonia C. pleurisy D. pleural effusion

derrame pleural

The collapsed lung state is A. emphysema atelectasis C. silicosis D. anthracosis

not interested

The disease caused by inhaling asbestos fibers is A. silicosis B. tuberculosis C. asbestosis D. anthracosis


A serious infectious and contagious disease caused by Bacillus Myocobacterium tuberculosis is A. asbestosis B. pneumoconiosis C. anthracosis D. tuberculosis


This will likely result in a bluish discoloration of tissues that may persist after death, as the discoloration the embalmer must deal with is known as A. Petechiae B. Cyanosis C. Hematoptysis D. Hematoma


Runny nose is another name for A. laryngitis B pharyngitis C. sinusitis D. common cold


This occurs when the growth of the nodule erodes the walls of the adjacent bronchus and the contents are ejected into the airway, leaving an empty cavity. A. abscess B. cancer C. hemoptysis D. cavitation


The inflammation of the pleura or the membranes surrounding the lungs that often accompanies lobar pneumonia is called A. bronchial pneumonia B. empyema C. pyothorax pleurisy


Laryngitis is called A. pharyngitis B. laryngitis C. rhinitis D. sinusitis


Another term for pleural effusion is A. pleurisy B. hydronephrosis C. pleural fluid D. neuritis

derrame pleural

Narrowing of the opening or passageway is defined by A. pain B. fistula C. stenosis D. phlegm


An inherited disease of the exocrine glands, especially the pancreas and respiratory system with obstruction, infection, and cyst formation is A. Parkinson's disease B. Cushing's disease C. Cystic fibrosis D. Multiple sclerosis

cystic fibrosis

A form of allergy characterized by excessive mucus secretion and spasms of the bronchial muscles is called A. bronchitis B. asthma C. tracheitis D. hay fever


Excess blood volume is known as A. fluid inflammation B. erythrocytosis C. argomatitis D. excess


Pneumonia due to irritants such as poisonous gases is A. orchitis B. pneumonia C. inflammation of the diaphragm D. pleural effusion


The two-layered serosa that surrounds each lung is called the A. pleura B. capillaries C. alveoli D. catarrh


Which of the following organs is most involved in pneumoconiosis? A. lungs B. pancreas C. diaphragm D. heart


An organ or structure that is abnormal in shape, structure, or position is termed A. anomaly B. phlegm C. vesicle D. monstrosity


One of the most common forms of pneumonia, usually localized to one or two lung loads, is A. bronchopneumoniaB. prothorax pneumonia C. bronchial pneumonia D. lobar pneumonia

pneumonia lobar

A common viral infection that affects the upper respiratory tract and is characterized by fever, chills, sore throat, runny nose, cough, and often muscle aches is known as A. flu B. common cold C. bronchitis D. sinusitis


A common upper respiratory problem described as a form of allergy, characterized by watery and itchy eyes, runny nose, sneezing, and coughing as a result of hypersensitivity to various grass and tree pollens, is known as A. laryngitis B. hay fever C. sinusitis D. runny nose

allergic rhinitis

An enlarged and varicose condition of the veins in the lower part of the rectum and anus is A. arteriosclerosis of the large intestine B. hemorrhoids C. rectal phlebitis D. proctitis


(Video) Respiratory System, Part 1: Crash Course Anatomy & Physiology #31

A localized area of ​​skin or mucosal necrosis is described by A. tumor B. pustule C. ulcer D. vesicle


A benign vascular tumor is A. nevus B. myxoma C. fibroma D. hemangioma


A series of signs or symptoms together that indicate the presence of a specific disease A. Complication B. Syndrome C. Prognosis D. Indication


Coronary arteries are likely sites for A. epistaxis B. diapedesis C. thrombosis D. pneumoconiosis


A respiratory disease described as chronic, long-term deterioration and destruction of lung tissue that is not infectious is A. emphysema, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease C. cystic fibrosis D. pneumothorax


Which of the following post-mortem conditions is NOT likely to occur in lung disease? A. edema B. rapid blood clotting C. cholecystitis D. cyanosis


This inherited disease, usually affecting children, affects many systems in the body, but especially those with exocrine secretory functions, such as the pancreas and sebaceous glands, as well as the mucous membranes that line various parts of the body, including the respiratory tract. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease B. cystic fibrosis C. pneumonia D. tuberculosis

cystic fibrosis

The common cold is also referred to as A. pharyngitis B. rhinitis C. rhinitis D. laryngitis


A benign pedunculated growth commonly found on mucous membranes is A. polyp B. varicose vein C. aneurysm D. embolism


The form of tuberculosis-related necrosis in which the tissue is soft, dry, and cheese-like is A. tuberculous necrosis B. liquefaction necrosis C. cheese necrosis D. cumulative necrosis

casein necrosis

Pleurisy with cavity and surface effusion is A. pneumoconiosis B. pleurisy C. pneumonia D. pneumothorax


When you breathe in, air enters the alveoli in the lungs called A. alveoli B. throat C. nose D. larynx


Bronchitis is A. bronchitis B. flu C. tracheitis D. laryngitis


A type of tuberculosis that spreads throughout the body with multiple sites of secondary infection is A. miliary tuberculosis B. Addison's disease C. infectious disease D. pulmonary tuberculosis

tuberculosis billion

pancreatitis A. hepatitis B. pancreatitis C. cirrhosis D. appendicitis

inflammation of the pancreas

Which of the following is NOT an autopsy related to peritonitis? dehydrationB. Rapidly decaying C. Ascites D. Slowly decaying

slow decomposition

Vomiting blood from the stomach, usually associated with gastritis, is referred to as A. Vomiting B. Diverticulitis C. Vomiting blood D. Esophagitis

bloody vomit

Leakage of blood from the vasculature is defined as A. hyperemia B. anemia C. hypertension D. Bleeding


An infection of the abdominal lining is called A. Bloody vomiting B. Pyloric stenosis C. Peritonitis D. Gastritis


Which of the following would NOT be considered a consequence of congestion? A. Spread of infection B. Ischemia C. Metastasis D. Passive anemia

anemia passive

Jaundice is a post-mortem condition associated with which of the following?A. Hepatitis B. Pancreatitis C. Appendicitis D. Endometritis


A herniation of part of the stomach through the esophageal opening into the diaphragm is called an a/nA. hiatal hernia B. inguinal hernia C. abdominal hernia D. umbilical hernia

hiatus hernia

Inflammation of the esophagus is called A. esophagitis B. Diverticulitis C. Bloody vomiting D. Gastritis


How many sections is the small intestine divided into? A.4B. 3C. 2D. 1


An abscess in a hair follicle is A. carbuncle B. gum C. hematoma D. furuncle


What is the starting point of the digestive system? A. anal canal B. throat C. colon D. mouth


The presence of gallstones in the gallbladder is A. cholangitis B. nephritis C. gallstones D. cholecystitis


Another name for the main symptom of inflammation, pain, is A. tumor B. flushingC. Algor D. Sadness


The inability to supply oxygenated blood to body tissues is a problem that primarily affects A. the heart B. the vessels C. lungs D. small intestine


Phlebitis A. phlebitis B. phlebitis C. arteriosclerosis D. thromboses


What leads to jaundice? excess melanin in the blood B. lack of red blood cells in the blood C. excess bilirubin in the blood D. excess ethyl alcohol in the blood

Excess bilirubin in the blood

Death of an area of ​​tissue due to lack of blood supply is defined, leaving a line of demarcation A. hematoma B. necrosis C. infarction D. embolism

heart attack

Stomatitis is called A. stomatitis B. stomatitis C. gingivitis D. tonsillitis

oral infection

Proctitis is referred to as A. appendicitis B. vomiting blood C. peritonitis D. proctitis

you are afraid of

A benign pedunculated growth commonly found on mucous membranes is A. embolus B. aneurysm C. polypD. varicose veins


Abnormal deposition and accumulation of substances in tissues is A. necrosis B. metaplasia C. degeneration D. infiltration


Coronary arteries are likely sites for A. diapedesis B. pneumoconiosis C. epistaxis D. thrombosis


The study of structural changes in a disease that can only be seen with a microscope is A. forensic pathology B. serious pathology C. special pathology D. cellular pathology

cellular pathology

Gastritis is called A. peritonitis B. Esophagitis C. Ulcers D. Gastritis


Which of the following is not listed in our handbook as a result of cirrhosis? A. askyty B. bleeding C. envious. excessive bleeding

excessive bleeding

Cholecystitis is referred to as A. cholangitis B. swelling C. gallstones D. cholecystitis


The prefix "enters" means A. referring to the intestines B. referring to the stomach C. except; next to D. relationship with internal organs

pertaining to the intestines

The tissue response to injury is A. exudation B. repair C. inflammation D. granulation


The protrusion of the organ through the walls of the body cavity in which it is located is A. vomiting of blood B. hernia C. appendicitis D. esophagitis


A narrowing of the esophagus is called A. esophagitis B. gastritis C. dilation D. stricture


Inflammation of the serosa lining the abdominal cavity and surrounding internal organs is A. orchitis B. rhinitis C. peritonitis D. endocarditis


The spread of cancer cells from one part of the body to another through the blood or lymph is A. hematogenesis B. drainage C. metastasis D. phagocytosis


Tissue conversion from superior to inferior forms is A. degeneration B. infiltration C. atrophy D. hyperplasia


Tissue underdevelopment is referred to as A. hyperplasia B. hypoplasia C. ectopic heart D. atrophy

under development

The condition of having one or more small pouch-like structures in the digestive tract that protrude from the walls of the bowel is called A. proctitis B. hernia C. diverticulosis D. hemorrhoids


A disease that shows an alternation of worsening and worsening symptoms is A. complicated disease B. recurrent disease C. infectious disease D. chronic disease

recurrent disease

What is the embalmer's particular concern that often accompanies liver and gallbladder disease? A. jaundice B. vomiting blood C. blood clots D. cholecystitis


Which of the following tumors is cancerous? A. myomoa B. melanoma C. hemangiomaD. osteoma


Ulcerative colitis primarily affects which of the following organs? A. liver B. stomach C. small intestine D. large intestine

large intestine

Pharyngitis (pharyngitis) is called A. gingivitis B. pharyngitis C. appendicitis D. tonsillitis


Glossitis is known as A. tonsillitis B. gingivitis C. glossitis D. pharyngitis

tongue inflammation

What word literally means "lack of blood" but is used to refer to a decrease in the number of red blood cells and/or hemoglobin? Pernicious anemia Plasma thrombocytosis


A benign cartilage tumor is: myxoma, papilloma, neuroma, chondroma


Which of the following is not an example of edema? Ischemia Hydrocele Hydrothorax Anasarca


What is another name for a white blood cell? Erythrocytes Empty blood cells Phagocytes Leukocytes


What term is used to describe bruise-like patches of bleeding under the skin? Anemia BumpPetechiaeThrombocytopenia


Which types of blood cells are the most numerous among blood cells? White blood cells Phagocytes Erythrocytes Leukocytes


Platelets are also known as leukocytes, thrombocytes, phagocytes, erythrocytes


Damage is considered Functional status Exciting cause of injury Birth defect Structural abnormality

structural abnormality

Another name for a mole is nevusA polypA fibromaA fibroma


A degenerative condition in which the body's arteries become hardened, thick and inflexible due to calcium buildup in their walls is known as varicose veins. Congestive heart failure Atherosclerosis


Per rheas refers to the hemorrhagic form of embolic thrombosis of necrosis


Typical changes in rheumatic heart disease are Aschoff bodies, syphilitic changes Rogers bodies.

Aschoff's body

When the thrombus breaks into pieces that can get stuck elsewhere, the thrombus is calcified Septic softening Fragmentation Cellular digestion


Leukocytosis is always a physiological condition. Applies to women only. It can be physiological or pathological. It's always pathological.

Can be physiological or pathological

Myocarditis is cardiomyopathy endocarditis myocarditis pericarditis


Localized weakness and widening of the arterial wall are Varicose veins Phlebitis Arteritis Aneurysm


Discoloration of blood in tissues, such as in a bruise, is called a(n)ThromboEcchymosisEmboloPetechiae


(Video) NEETPG Coaching AIIMS Nov 2008 Lec 04

Which of the following is a malignant tumor? NevoCistoGilomaMyoma


Which term refers to narrowing of the opening or passageway of the heart valves>Vasoconstrictor diseaseCancerNarrowingHypertrophy


The upper chambers of the heart are called EmboliAtriumThrombiVentricles


The cardiovascular system consists of the heart, which serves as a pump that supplies blood to the body's tissues, and the lungs, blood vessels, kidneys, and brain.

Blood veins

Which valve is most commonly associated with prolapse? Aortic lunate Pulmonary lunate Tricuspid Mitral valve

Mitral valve

A condition characterized by bleeding into the skin, mucous membranes, serosa, and other parts of the body is Hemoptysis Bleeding Purpura Ascites


Abnormal accumulation of tissue fluid is congestion congestion in ischemic edema


The general term for a condition where the heart is diseased and unable to adequately pump blood to meet the body's needs is congestive heart failure Pericarditis Cardiomyopathy Myocardial infarction

Congestive heart failure

Wall thickening, calcium deposits, and narrowing of the artery lumen describe atherosclerosis Arteritis Phlebitis Varicose veins


Red blood cells are also called PerneiciousPhagocytesRubyErythrocytes


What type of blood cell is used to carry oxygen to body tissues and remove carbon dioxide? Red blood cells Leukocytes White blood cells Phagocytes

red blood cells

Wet gangrene can be characterized by all of the following EXCEPT Blockage of veins Bleeding Bad smell Rotting


Thickening of the inner lining of arteries due to fatty deposits suggests a condition called Ascites Atherosclerosis Congestion Emphysema


An increase in the size of the heart or cardiac chamber caused by stretching of the muscle fibers in the chamber walls is called heart disease.


An increase in the size of the heart (or part of the heart) caused by an increase in the size of muscle fibers is called anemia atrophy hypertrophy dilation


What types of blood cells are involved in clot formation? PlateletsWhite blood cellsErythrocytesLeukocytes


An increase in the number of red blood cells is polycythemia vera ThrombocytopeniaLeukocytosisAnemia

real redness

Arterial thrombotic necrosis is best described as bilateral necrosis Wet gangrene Statistical congestion Infarction

heart attack

Small red blood vessels, often described as "spot" hemorrhages, are called PurpuraEcchymosisHemophiliaPetechiae


The scientific name for a heart attack is myocardial infarctionVascular diseaseOcclusionCardiac arrest

myocardial infarction

Blockage or occlusion of the coronary arteries for various reasons is known as prolapsed infarct hypertensive occlusion


The localized area of ​​dead tissue is NeuritisNecrosisIschemiaNecrobiosis


The liquid part of blood is called serum, plasma, water, blood cells


Another name for the cardinal sign of inflammation, heat, is A. calories B. algorithmC. sadness

warm up

An increase in the size of a body part due to an increase in the number of component cells is A. hyperemia B. hyperplasia C. hyperplasia D. meaplasia


A form of tumor growth in which tumor cells invade surrounding tissue is A. expansive growth B. infiltrative growth C. gangrenous growth D. physiologic growth

infiltrated growth

Which of the following is a tumor involving striated muscle tissue? Rhabdomyosarcoma B. Liposarcoma C. Leiomyosarcoma D. Myoma


Which of the following is a malignant tumor of epithelial tissue? A. lymphangioma B. adenocarcinoma C. fibrosarcoma D. osteosarcoma


Jaundice and melanosis are examples A. Exogenous pigmentation B. Hypoplasia C. Endogenous pigmentation D. Compensatory hyperplasia

endogenous pigmentation

Which of the following statements best describes a bone tumor? A. osteosarcoma B. fibroma C. liposarcoma D. lymphoma


The branch of pathology that deals with the body as a whole, regardless of the specific organ or system, is referred to as A. microscopic pathology B. general pathology C. special pathology D. media-legal pathology

general pathology

Cancer that can lead to death if left untreated is A. fibroma B. lipoma C. fibrosarcoma D. hematoma


A benign fatty tumor is A. fibroma B. adenoma C. osteoma D. lipoma


The study of the structure and functions of the body affected by disease is known as A. BiologyB. Pathology C. Chemistry D. Astrology


Prenatal disease is A. acquired B. congenital C. iatrogenic D. idiopathic


Which of the following is a post mortem condition unlikely to be found in a cancer victim? hypothermia B. hyperpigmentation C. extravascular obstruction D. tissue deformation


What tissue does the papilloma come from? A. Epithelial B. Muscle C. Connective D. Bone


Malignant neoplasms of non-epithelial tissue are referred to as A. Sarcomas B. Carcinomas C. Gilomas D. Adenomas


Which of the following types of tumors grows by infiltration? A. malignant B. benign


Which of the following is NOT characteristic of a benign tumor? A. usually do not spread from the original growth site B. cause extensive damage to surrounding tissues C. usually non-lethal D. usually do not reappear after surgical removal

cause extensive damage to surrounding tissues

The term "expanding growth" is associated with A. benign tumors B. pathogenic microbes C. bone formation D. malignant tumors

benign tumors

Which tumor is frequently encysted? A. malignant B. benign


Growth that multiplies unchecked and serves no useful purpose in the body is A. abundance B. heart attack C. embolism D. cancer


Conversion of tissue from superior to inferior forms is A. infiltrationB. atrophy C. degeneration D. hyperplasia


A disease of sudden onset and short duration is A. congenital B. chronic C. acute D. endemic


Melanoma is A. benign epithelial tissue B. malignant neural tissue C. malignant epithelial tissue D. benign neural tissue

malignant epithelial tissue

The prefix "intra" means A within B. near C. in D. between


The general state of poor health, malnutrition and wasting is known as A. tissue deformity B. cachexia C. hemorrhage D. emaciation


A decrease in the normal size of an organ is A. hyperplasia B. metaplasia C. atrophy D. aplasia


What term is used for any malignant tumor? A. infiltrate B. encapsulated C. cancer D. tumor


A closed sac or pouch with a defined wall that contains a liquid, semisolid, or solid substance is A. abscess B. tumor C. cyst D. melanoma


The term given to any agent capable of causing cancer is A. biohazard B. adenoma C. encapsulated D. carcinogen


Another name for a tumor that is usually congenital and originates in the skin and contains a lot of melanin, the normal brownish pigment present in the skin, is A. melanoma B. cancer C. lymphoma D. mole


The study of cancers or tumors is called A. neologyB. oncology C. Malignant oncologyD. biology


Which of the following terms are most closely related to each other? A. Benign tumors/metastasis B. Malignant tumors/expansion C. Malignant neoplasms/metastases D. Benign tumors/infiltrates

Malignant neoplasms/metastases

The most serious and life-threatening type of cancer is known as A. benign B. advanced C. malignant D. dangerous


A malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue of the skin, usually found on the face, is slower growing and less malignant than squamous cell carcinoma. basal cell carcinoma B. papilloma C. adenoma D. epithelioma

Basal cell carcinoma

All of the following are benign neoplasms EXCEPT. myoma B. osteosarcoma C. neuroma. hemangioma


Which of the following is a benign cartilage tumor? Chondroma B. chondrosarcoma C. leukemia D. osteoma


Which of the following is a malignant tumor of muscle tissue? A. glioma B. neuroma C. myoma D. myosarcoma


Which of the following is NOT a valid argument in favor of an autopsy? A. It is used in medico-legal mattersB. helps with disease prognosis C. develops medical knowledgeD. helps confirm medical diagnosis

helps with disease prognosis

Another name for a mole is A. fibroma B. nevus C. polyp D. muscle


The ability of malignant tumors to propagate is defined as A. encapsulate B. expansionC. metastasis D. increase


The name of the disease commonly associated with the mining profession and colloquially referred to as "black lung disease" is DenerationAntracosisByssinosissilicosis


Jaundice is another name for what? Melanosis Pneumonia Jaundice Exogenous Pigmentation


The body's response to tissue damage is known as diapedesis, hyperemia, inflammation, infiltration


What is the accumulation of bilirubin in tissues, causing a yellowish tint to the skin, whites of the eyes, and other areas of the body called?MelaninBilirubinHemoglobinJaundice


The normal pigment present in the body is referred to as what type of pigmentation? Pneumoconiosis Exogenous Endogenous Jaundice


The disease of unknown origin is Acute Chronic Idiopathic Sporadic


The effect of liquefaction of dead tissue cells and the action of white blood cells trying to fight invading bacteria is called.


A disease that alternately increases and decreases symptoms is chromium disease, infectious disease, relapsing disease, complicated disease

recurrent disease

Which of the following is NOT one of the most common causes of pathological atrophy? Inadequate nutrition Insufficient neural stimulation Abuse Non-use


The process of replacing damaged tissue with fibrous connective tissue is RepairSolutionRegenerationOrganization


(Video) Top 10 Free Apps and Websites for Learning Chinese!

Bubble is another name for the localized collection pusBlisterFuruncleCarbuncle


Wet gangrene can be characterized by all of the following EXCEPT Venous obstruction Bad smell Bleeding Rot


The area of ​​pus surrounded by a wall of inflamed tissue is called /anCarbuncleAbscessUlcerVesicle


Failure of an organ or body part to develop is HeterotropiaEctopic cordisAnasarcaAplasia


Localized area of ​​dead tissue is ischemia, necrosis, neuritis, necrosis


A condition in which there is a deviation from the normal structure and function of the body is atrophy, inflammation, disease, symptom


Which of the following is not the "main symptom of inflammation"?


The term that refers to a reduction in size of a formerly normal body part is condensation calcification atrophy hypertrophy


The process of pus formation during the inflammatory process is called Cellular response Phagocytosis Edema Suppuration


Damage is considered Functional condition Birth defect Structural abnormality Exciting cause of injury

structural abnormality

These agents, such as strong acids or alkalis, that can cause significant damage to body tissues are pyogenic bacteria Physical irritants Living agents Chemical irritants

irritating chemicals

Which of the following could be a predisposing cause of the disease?


Replacing damaged tissue with identical tissue is known as CicatrixRegenerationRepairCarbuncle

rain rate

A disease that is genetically transmitted from mother to child is acute hereditary acquired congenital


Pigmentations caused by prolonged inhalation of dust are known as melanin jaundice bilirubin pneumothorax


Which of the following is not the most common inflammation? Immune reactions Infiltration Live agents Physical irritants


The study of the structural alterations of a disease that can only be seen under a microscope is Special Pathology Forensic Pathology General Pathology Cellular Pathology

cellular pathology

What main type of tissue is used by the body in a process called repair? Muscle Skeleton Connective Epithelium


Several pathological changes that indicate disorders of cellular metabolism are best described Circulatory disorders Heart disease Regressive tissue damage Jaundice

regressive tissue changes

When inflammation is caused by living factors, it is referred to as phagocytosis Infection Congestion Diapedesis


The general term for the destruction of cells in the body as a result of changes in the cytoplasm of cells that affect their proper functioning is amyloid disease Degeneration Byssinosis Anthracosis


Hypertrophy due to increased functional demand is compensatory hypertrophy Aplastic hyperplasia Simple hyperplasia Pathologic hyperplasia

compensatory hypertrophy

A synonym for furuncle is FuruncleVesicleFistulaPapule


A disease with recognizable changes is a functional disease, an organic disease, a recurrent disease, a symptom

organic disease

An endogenous pigment that normally functions as an oxygen substance in red blood cells is called pneumoconiosis jaundice hemoglobin melanin


Examples of hypoplasia and melanosis are endogenous pigmentation. Compensatory hypertrophy. Exogenous pigmentation.

endogenous pigmentation

The science of changes in the structure and function of body tissues as a result of diseaseChemistryMicrobiologyAnatomyPathology


Which of the following is critical to paving the way for the final repair of damaged tissues and allowing them to return to normal use? Cellular response Phagocytosis Vascular response Suppuration


The study of causes and diseases is EtiologyPathologyEtymologyHistology


The prefix "intra" means IntoWithinBetweenNear


Which of the following types of pathology applies to medical and legal issues related to death? A. Clinical Pathology B. Special Pathology C. Forensic Pathology D. Physical Pathology

forensic pathology

Predicting the likely outcome is known as A. exacerbation B. diagnosis C. discount D. prognosis


The shot is an example of anA. endogenous excitatory factor B. iatrogenic C. exogenous excitatory factor D. exogenous predisposing factor

exogenous exciting factor

The disease identification is A. exacerbation B. signalC. prognosis D. diagnosis


A blood clot attached to the heart or blood vessel is A. petechiae B. nosebleed C. embolism D. thrombus


A congenital lacuna in the verbal column is referred to as A. aplasia B. vertebral fracture C. spina bifida D. spina bifida

spina bifida

Excessive accumulation of fluid in body tissues is known as A. pleural effusion B. nosebleed C. edema D. hemorrhage


A disease with relatively rapid onset and short duration is known as A. rapidB. immediate C. acute D. chronic


The post-mortem examination of a cadaver to determine the cause of death and/or the existence of various medical conditions is an A. autopsy B. all of the above C. autopsy D. autopsy

All of the above

The term for a reduction in size of a normal body part is A. atrophy B. condensation C. hyperplasia D. calcification


Bleeding into the pleural cavity is A. hematoma B. pleural effusion C. hemoptysis D. hypoplasia


The study of body structure and function under the influence of a disease known as A.pathologyB. Chemistry C. Astrology D. Biology


Failure to develop an organ or body part is A. heterotropia B. ectopia cordis C. Anasarca D. Aplasia


The condition of peritoneal or abdominal edema is A. ascites B. varicocele C. hydrocephalus D. hydrocele


Death of an area of ​​tissue due to lack of blood supply beyond the demarcation line defines A. Down syndrome B. Hernia C. Spina bifida D. Fistula


When the thrombus breaks into pieces that can be deposited elsewhere, the thrombus has undergone A. fragmentation B. septic softening C. cellular digestion D. calcification


Which of the following is NOT a valid argument in favor of an autopsy? A. is used in medico-legal mattersB. develops medical knowledge C. helps with disease prognosis D. helps confirm a medical diagnosis

helps with disease prognosis

An increase in the size of a body part as a result of an increase in the size of individual cells is best defined by A. Hypertrophy B. Cancer C. Onclass D. Hyperplasia


Slow blood flow is often associated with A. lordosis B. plethora C. thrombosis D. pigmentation


Missing body parts are: A. polydactyly B. aplasia C. hernia D. hypoplasia


Fiscal measures A. add to B. lack of normal function C. belonging to excess D. cut or remove

cut or delete

Small red blood vessels, often described as "point-like" hemorrhages, are called A. Purpura B. Petechiae C. Petechiae D. Hemophilia


The presence of blood in the urine is a condition A. glycosuria B. uremia C. hematuria D. anuria


When inflammation is caused by living factors, it is called A. congestion B. diapedesis C. infection D. phagocytosis


Per rhexis refers to the form A. embolism B. hemorrhage C. necrosis D. thrombosis


The abnormal accumulation of tissue fluid is A. congestion B. ischemia C. congestion D. edema


Which of the following is a predisposing factor for the disease? A. race B. age C. all of the above D. sex

All of the above

Decreased blood flow is often associated with A. pigmentation B. thrombosis C. plethora D. spinal curvature


Spitting up blood is called A. hemoptysis B. necrosis C. squirting of blood D. cavitation


An excessive number of fingers and toes is known as A. polydactyly B. fistula C. hypoplasia D. cyst


A synonym for edema is A. paralysis B. biopsy C. autopsy D. edema


Prenatal disease is A. congenital B. iatrogenic C. acquired D. idiot


A disease of unknown origin is A. chronic B. idiopathic C. sporadic D. acute


A disease that affects a much larger than normal number of people in a community at the same time is A. pandemicB. iatrogenic C. epidemic D. disseminated


The disease with a recognizable lesion is A. recurrent disease B. functional disease C. symptom D. organic disease

organic disease

A subjective indicator of the presence of disease in the body is a/anA. syndrome B. symptom C. sign D. function


A bag-like structure containing liquid or semi-solid substances; usually due to abnormal tissue development, duct obstruction, or infection is a/anA. fistula B. injury C. cyst D. hernia


the prefix "hema" refers to A. fall B. excessive C. blood D. half


The protrusion of an organ through the wall of the body cavity it is contained in is known as A. Down syndrome B. Hernia C. Spina bifida D. Fistula


The presence of gallstones in the gallbladder is


Another name for the main symptom of inflammation


The presence of gallstones in the gallbladder is


Another name for the main symptom of inflammation


(Video) NEET PG | Pathology Rapid Revision E01 | CVS | Dr Priyanka Sachdev

Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Madonna Wisozk

Last Updated: 01/15/2023

Views: 6194

Rating: 4.8 / 5 (68 voted)

Reviews: 91% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Madonna Wisozk

Birthday: 2001-02-23

Address: 656 Gerhold Summit, Sidneyberg, FL 78179-2512

Phone: +6742282696652

Job: Customer Banking Liaison

Hobby: Flower arranging, Yo-yoing, Tai chi, Rowing, Macrame, Urban exploration, Knife making

Introduction: My name is Madonna Wisozk, I am a attractive, healthy, thoughtful, faithful, open, vivacious, zany person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.